photo by Minko Gechev
We’re back with the brand new release of Angular v13 to share with all of you! This latest release brings all sorts of updates and features to help your teams build great apps.
Get Angular v13 now by running ng update in your project. We also have an update guide available at update.angular.io to help teams get instructions on how to update their projects.
With each new release our goal is to find material ways to make Angular better. In this release, we’ve done that through expansion of Ivy-based features and optimizations, partnering with our excellent Angular community and continuing to provide a smooth, stable update process for your teams and projects.
Let’s start with a look at how we’re moving Angular forward with the power of Ivy.
Moving Angular rendering into the future
In the v12 release in May 2021 we talked about “Ivy Everywhere” and mentioned that there would be some important changes to Angular to support this initiative. We have been diligent in the pursuit of this and we’re extremely pleased to have landed some impactful changes in v13 as Ivy continues to open doors for optimizations and improvements.
State of View Engine
View Engine is no longer available in Angular as of v13. This is great news because Angular can continue to create Ivy-based features that bolster your productivity with the platform. Removing View Engine also means that Angular can reduce its reliance on ngcc (Angular compatibility compiler) in the future, and teams can look forward to faster compilation because metadata and summary files are no longer included.
Changes to the Angular Package Format (APF)
The Angular Package Format (APF) has been streamlined and modernized to better serve developers. To streamline the APF in v13 we’ve removed older output formats, including View Engine specific metadata.
To modernize it, we’ve standardized on more modern JS formats such as ES2020. Libraries built with the latest version of the APF will no longer require the use of ngcc. As a result of these changes library developers can expect leaner package output and faster execution.
We’ve also updated the APF to support Node Package Exports. This will help developers from inadvertently relying on internal APIs that may change.
Component API updates
Ivy also enables quality of life improvements to the way developers can dynamically create components. The API has now been simplified. Before the changes in Angular v13, dynamically creating components required a lot of boilerplate code.
The new API removes the need for ComponentFactoryResolver being injected into the constructor. Ivy creates the opportunity to instantiate the component with ViewContainerRef.createComponent without creating an associated factory.
Here’s an example of creating components with previous versions of Angular:
With the new API, this code can become:
We have many more API improvements like this in the works that will be enabled by Ivy.
End of IE11 support
We heard your feedback and worked to pave a path forward with the removal of IE11 support in Angular v13.
Removing IE11 support allows Angular to leverage modern browser features such as CSS variables and web animations via native web APIs. What’s more is that apps will be smaller and load faster because we can remove IE specific polyfills and code paths. It also removes the need for differential loading. Developers will benefit from improved APIs and build infrastructure while application users will benefit from faster loading and an improved user experience.
Running ng update will automatically drop these IE-specific polyfills and reduce bundle size during project migration.
Thanks to everyone who participated in the request for comments (RFC). Developers who still need to support IE11 users for existing projects can continue to use Angular v12 and it will be supported until November 2022.
Improvements to the Angular CLI
On to the updates to Angular’s tooling. Angular now supports the use of persistent build cache by default for new v13 projects. The valuable feedback from [RFC] Persistent build cache by default led to this tooling update that results in up to 68% improvement in build speed and more ergonomic options. In order for existing projects that have been upgrading to v13 to enable this features developers can add this configuration to angular.json:
Find out more details in the documentation.
ESBuild also sees some performance improvements in this release! We introduced esbuild, which now works with terser to optimize global scripts. In addition, esbuild supports CSS sourcemaps and can optimize global CSS, as well as optimizing all style sheets.
Framework changes and dependency updates
Angular v13 also features some helpful updates and important changes. First up, RxJS 7.4 is now the default for apps created with ng new. Existing apps using RxJS v6.x will have to manually update using the npm install [email protected] command. To learn more about the changes from version 6 to version 7, check out this summary on rxjs.dev.
If that wasn’t enough, there’s now support for TypeScript 4.4. More information can be found by checking out the TypeScript release blog.
Improvements to Angular tests
We’ve made some important improvements to TestBed that now does a better job of tearing down test modules and environments after each test. The DOM is now cleaned after every test and developers can expect faster, less memory-intensive, less interdependent, and more optimized tests.
This feature has been opt-in since 12.1.0 and now it’ll be the default while remaining customizable. Here’s how – it can be configured for the entire test suite via the TestBed.initTestEnvironment method:
Or it can be configured per module by updating the TestBed.configureTestingModule method:
All about components
Accessibility (a11y) has to be the foundation of everything we build inside and out of the Angular community. We take this responsibility seriously, and the work we’ve done has resulted in meaningful improvements and changes to Angular Material components.
All the MDC-based components have been evaluated to meet elevated a11y standards on areas such as contrast, touch targets, ARIA, and more.
A comparison of touch target sizes. The sizes on the right are the new sizes.
There have also been some improvements to high contrast modes for multiple components.
Material Components in high contrast mode
Learn more about these changes in our blog post on improving Angular Component’s accessibility. We hope this helps everyone to build more inclusive Angular applications.
Other notable updates
With the release of Angular v11 in 2020, we introduced support for inlining Google Fonts. Now, we’re extending support to Adobe Fonts. Remember, inlining fonts can improve your app performance by speeding up the First Contentful Paint (FCP). This change is now enabled for everyone by default! All you need to do is ng update. We have a video on font inlining that can be helpful, check it out here:
We’ve made important changes to the docs on angular.io to give developers more insights into localization API. The localization guides have been updated to feature smaller sections to make the learning journey clearer. We’ve also added more API documentation for $localize.
The Angular community never ceases to show up in a huge way by adding features to the framework. The Angular team is incredibly grateful for such a vibrant, supportive community. Let’s take a moment to highlight a few of the contributions that made it into this release.
Dynamically enable/disable validators
Restore history after canceled navigation
These are a few of the updates we’re highlighting, but even more contributions came from the community:
Making the SwUpdate API a little more ergonomicLanguage Service config to enable auto-apply optional chaining on nullable symbolRouter emit activate/deactivate events when an outlet gets attached/detachedAnd more!
Huge shout out to all of you in the community who have made contributions to the framework. We move Angular forward together.
Angular continues to move forward with the help of the stellar Angular community. Thank you all for your contributions to the repository. Also, thank you for your invaluable feedback in the RFCs. Your support helps us shape the future of Angular moving forward with standalone components and supporting modern web standards.
Until the next time, friends, go build great apps.